Check if you need to pay tax when you sell cryptoassets

When it comes to capital gains, HMRC is quite liberal, providing every UK taxpayer with a Capital Gains Tax Allowance of £12,300. We’ll go into more detail later, but this means you’ll only pay Capital Profits Tax on capital gains that exceed your £12,300 exemption. You can also use capital losses to reduce your gain, but you’ll need to report them to HMRC first. You pay Capital Gains Tax when your gains from selling certain assets go over the tax-free allowance. Type of assetBasic rateHigher rateShares10%20%Residential property18%28%Bitcoin/Cryptocurrency10%20%Other10%20%Be aware that these rates are subject to change each year. Make sure that you stay abreast of any changes to CGT rates when you put money aside to do your tax return.

bitcoin tax uk

In most circumstances, a person who trades on their own account is unlikely to meet the description of a ‘trader’ for income tax purposes and will more than likely fall within the capital gains tax regime. The UK’s HMRC has very specific rules for crypto cost basis methods, known as share pooling. This is to stop crypto investors from manipulating the ACB cost basis method by purchasing and selling assets at a loss in a short period of time to create an unrealistic view of gains and losses. But, it’s really important you keep records of your crypto transactions so you can keep a detailed account of your cost basis. This makes sure you can accurately calculate your crypto gains and losses later on.

Records you must keep

Daily exchange rates for cryptocurrency can be found on websites such as coinbase. If you have made several transactions in the year, perhaps involving several different types of cryptoasset, then the calculations can become extremely complicated. There are online platforms and software which offer to do these calculations for you. However, if you use one of these platforms or software to generate a tax report then you remain responsible for taking reasonable care over your tax affairs. HMRC’s guidance in this area is evolving and there is no guarantee that the report generated will be in line with HMRC’s latest position. Depending on what you do and how you get money from cryptoassets, you might need to tell HMRC and pay tax.

bitcoin tax uk

If HMRC raises an enquiry into your tax returns, it is likely to question the appearance of profits in your bank account that have not been accounted for. The UK and EU are also currently consulting on new regulations that may require trading platforms to report information on certain account holders to the relevant national authorities. If you have sold, gifted or spent cryptocurrency within the tax year, you may need to declare any profit or gains on your self-assessment tax return. If you are actively mining BTC, or you are a dealer making multiple trades through buying and selling different investment assets or mixing currencies, you may well be treated as a trading operation. This means that disposal proceeds are taxed as capital gains unless there is evidence of trading. The potential for significant profits in the world of crypto currency also bring with it the question of tax.

Paid in crypto

Some coins are abandoned by the developers, used as scams or just fail to deliver on promises. HMRC must have reasonable grounds for suspecting that money held in an account is a) recoverable property , or b) is intended by any person for use in unlawful conduct. An ‘intangible fixed asset’ that has been created or acquired by a company for use on a continuing basis.

bitcoin tax uk

Hardforks – Where a fork results in a new cryptoasset being created, the individual must allocate a share of the cost of the original cryptocurrency to the newly acquired or created cryptoasset. This does not create a tax liability but does ‘split’ the cost of the old asset, so that a future disposal may result in a cryptocurrency regulation uk greater liability. If the person is trading, the value of the received cryptoasset will be assessable to income tax. Airdrops – Where an individual has participated in a crypto airdrop, they are deemed to have acquired the asset at a ‘nil’ cost which will then be matched against a disposal or added into the pool.

How are airdrops and forks taxed in the UK?

Also, conversion of crypto for purchases outside the UK cannot benefit from the exemption from CGT for the conversion of currency for purchases abroad. Financial trading in cryptocurrencies will attract income tax although HMRC says that trading for tax purposes in crypto is likely to be “unusual”. Presumably, this is to try to limit HMRC’s exposure to allowable trading losses on crypto. Under section 104 TCGA 1992 each type of cryptoasset is kept in a separate ‘pool’, the ‘section 104 pool’ and the usual share pooling rules apply to disposals and Part disposals. You should obtain tax relief on the direct costs of buying and selling the cryptocurrency investment.

Different types of cryptoasset are treated as separate assets, so you need to calculate the gain on each type of cryptoasset separately. NFTs are not treated like shares, because each individual NFT is different. You need to consider the position on each individual NFT separately.

Do you pay tax when transferring crypto?

Earning new crypto tokens through yield farming on lending protocol like AAVE, Compound. Adding/removing your crypto in a liquidity pool – if the DeFi protocol can benefit from your liquidity. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. The amount of tax due might be different if you are not a resident in the UK.

  • If your mining activity is considered a business, the mining income will be added to trading profits and be subject to income tax deductions.
  • Cryptoassets and the underlying technology is constantly evolving and the existing tax rules are not apt to deal with this.
  • This makes it quite easy to inadvertently breach the limits above.
  • Generally, disposal proceeds are taxed as capital gains unless there is evidence of trading.
  • This might be answering surveys or providing some other service, such as participating in a social media campaign.

Let’s look at some of the principles for calculating your gifting crypto tax in the UK. However, with CGT in general, you may find that you can avoid paying tax on any capital losses, depending on which country you are in. There is currently widespread uncertainty about the tax treatment of cryptocurrency investments and trading activity.

What is a ‘gifting crypto tax’?

If a business’s activities amount to a trade, the receipts and expenses form part of the calculation of trading profit. S.38 TCGA deals with Deductible expenditure for CGT purposes and applies to cryptoassets that are subject to CGT. The key test to determine if you are trading for tax purposes is to apply the Badges of Trade.

bitcoin tax uk

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